What is Jamatia Hoda


Jamatia Hoda, what is jamatia hoda, Hoda, hoda okra

           Jamatia hoda is a social organisation that looks after the rights and safeguard of the culture of the Jamatia community. The Jamatia community is one of the nineteen tribes of Tripura, the North Eastern state of India. The traditional administrative system of the Jamatia is democratic in nature. The mechanism of social control is so well organised that the violation of Jamatia customary law is seldom found in Jamatia community. Any kind of difficulty or problem is met with joint decision taken by them. The whole Jamatia community is socially controlled by Hoda (the supreme council).

    For the decentralisation of the power of the Hoda, it is divided into three distinct separate units. These are :-

1. Luku (village level council)
2. Moyal (regional level council)
3. Hoda (community level supreme council)

     Besides these three tier system of administration there is an Advisory committee.

    The village Council (Luku) :- The village Council mainly consists of one headman called Chakdiri and two or more assistants called Khandols. Usually Chakdiri is directly elected by the senior male members of the Luku. The essential qualifications for the post of the Chakdiri is that he should be a married person with wife and children and should be economically sound. He is the formal spokesman of the village.
     The village Council deals only with the minor socio-economic disputes of the village. Justice is done according to the traditional rule. In case of any dispute, the Chakdiri takes the help of the old and influential members of the village who constitute the jury. The Chakdiri maintains good relation with the Moyal panchay (the headman of the regional level Council) and the Hoda Okra (the headman of the supreme Council). The Chakdiri participates or sends two representatives in the annual supreme Council meeting. He supervises all sorts of social functions like marriage, death or any other rituals and looks after the welfare of the village.

    Regional Council (Moyal) :- The Moyal is the next higher level administrative organisation to the Luku. A regional Council consists of 20 to 30 village councils of a compact geographical area. There are two headmen called Moyal Panchay in each regional Council. They are elected by the Adongs (representative members of the Luku Chakdiri) under that particular Moyal.
     The Moyal Panchay maintains law and order and the welfare of the region. They are empowered to decide all kinds of inter-village disputes of the region with the help of the Chakdiris. But his judgement is not final. He may send a case to Hoda Okra for final judgement.

       Supreme Council (Hoda):- Hoda is the Supreme Council of the Jamatia community. The head of the Hoda is called Hoda Okra. There are two Hoda okras in Jamatia community. They are selected by the Adongs of each village Council in the annual conference which is held in the month of Agrahayana (November). The Okras are generally elected for a period of five years.
  As regards the qualifications for the post of an Okra, he must be well-known personality with adequate experience of the functions of the traditional administrative organisations and customary laws.

      Hoda okra is the formal spokesman of the entire Jamatia community. His verdict is final. The function of the Hoda is to arrange some festivals like Garia Puja, Balangsuamani, Ganga puja etc. for the welfare of the entire Jamatia community. All kinds of cases like divorce, adultery, kidnapping, anti-social activities and complicated cases which could not be solved by the village Council and Regional Council are dealt with by the Okra.
   The Advisory Council:- Besides the three-tier system of administration of the Jamatia, there is an advisory Council. The aim regarding the creation of this Advisory Committee is to give an opportunity to the young and educated Jamatias to enter this Committee and to reflect their modern and scientific out look in Jamatia community. This Council also acts as a check on the dictatorial tendencies of the Okras.

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